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silicosis screening in surface coal miners

Statement of Robert Cohen, MD, FCCP Mining Education and

Jun 20, 2019The NIOSH Coal Workers Health Surveillance Program (CWHSP) offers chest x-ray screening to active surface and underground coal miners to identify those miners with early signs of disease and notify them so that they might take steps to reduce exposure and

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Silicosis

Silicosis. Silicosis is caused by inhalation of unbound (free) crystalline silica dust and is characterized by nodular pulmonary fibrosis. Chronic silicosis initially causes no symptoms or only mild dyspnea but over years can advance to involve most of the lung and cause dyspnea, hypoxemia, pulmonary hypertension, and respiratory impairment.

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Coal Workers Pneumoconiosis

2,328 surface coal miners examined 2010-2011 as part of ECWHSP – 16 states / 7% of US surface miners ! Pneumoconiosis 1/0+ – 3.7% Central Appalachia / 1.1% elsewhere ! PMF – 1.2% Central Appalachia / 0.1% elsewhere ! Mine Safety and Health Research Advisory Committee Presentation -

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Work

The primary objective of the CWXSP is to screen miners for coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP). Since 1970, coal mine operators have been required to offer a chest radiograph to all underground coal miners at the time of hire and again three years later. Subsequently, miners can volunteer for radiographs at approximately five-year intervals.

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Silicosis

May 26, 2012Trace metals also seem to modulate pulmonary toxicity of silica dusts in animal studies. 32 In gold miners or foundry workers exposed to fairly pure silica, total retained silica loads of 1–3 g are sufficient to cause silicosis. 28 In coal or hematite miners with concomitant exposure to other dusts, the same weight of silica causes few cases

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Black lung disease on the rise: 5 questions answered

Feb 16, 2018Surface and underground mining is associated with two pneumoconioses, or dust diseases of the lung. what we call black lung is primarily silicosis in a coal miner, Screening

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Silicosis and coal workers' pneumoconiosis

Aug 01, 2000Exposure to coal mine dust and/or crystalline silica results in pneumoconiosis with initiation and progression of pulmonary fibrosis. This review presents characteristics of simple and complicated coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) as well as pathologic indices of acute and chronic silicosis by summarizing results of in vitro, animal, and human investigations. These results support

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Acute Silicosis Responding to Corticosteroid Therapy

Feb 01, 1992The risk of developing silicosis is well-recognized in association with underground coal mining. A significant but less-appreciated risk exists among surface coal mine drillers as well. 9 We believe the diagnosis of acute silicosis in this case is firmly established. Our patient was exposed to silica dust over a period of 12 years.

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NIOSH finalizes silica monitoring software for miners

Aug 17, 2021OSHA states that 2.3 million workers nationwide are exposed to silica. When inhaled, tiny particles that stem from cutting, sawing, grinding, drilling and crushing stone, rock, concrete, , blocks and mortar increase the risk of serious silica-related diseases such as silicosis

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Factors influencing high respiratory mortality in coal

impairing coal miner's respiratory system, a condition known as coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) [9]. An-other coal-related lung disease is silicosis caused by in-halation of crystalline silica dust. However, the potential health effects of environmental contaminants produced by coal mining on community residents are the subject

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Silicosis

Silicosis (plural: silicoses) is a fibrotic pneumoconiosis caused by the inhalation of fine particles of crystalline silicon dioxide (silica). Occupations such as mining, quarrying, and tunnelling are associated with silicosis. The disease occurs in two clinical forms that are subdivided by their temporal relationship to the exposure to silica:

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Final Rule

The standards require coal mine operators to continuously maintain the average concentration of respirable dust to which each miner is exposed during each shift at or below 2.0 milligrams per cubic meter of air (2.0 mg/m3) (30 CFR 70.100, underground coal mines; and 71.100, surface coal mines and surface areas of underground coal mines).

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Pathological study of the prevalence of silicosis among

All miners working in underground and surface coal mines are at risk of being exposed to mine dust containing silica. In this study, cases with pathologic diagnosis of silicosis during seven years period between 2000 and 2007 were retrieved, from the pathologic file of Department of Pathology, Massih Daneshvary Hospital in Iran.

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A Scourge Returns

tis in miners. "Coal dust particles are very reactive, including the chemical bonds on the surface," Petsonk explains. "They will interact with anything nearby, including the body's tissue, which creates an inflamma-tory response." It's the smaller respirable dust parti-cles, though, that create the damage most associated with CWP.

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NIOSH Innovations in the Mining Health and Safety

Centers for Disease Control, 2000, Silicosis screening in surface coal mines –Pennsylvania, 1996-1997. "Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, July 2000, Vol. 49, No. 27, pp. 612-615. 8 Surface Coal Mines Surveyed in Pennsylvania

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Toxic Torts and Products Liability: Unmasking a Connection

Jul 12, 20213M, Toxic Torts, and Product Liability. The industrial conglomerate 3M started life as Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing in 1902. Since that time, the company has grown into one of the largest corporations in the world, currently ranked at #103 on the Fortune 500.Makers of Scotch tape and other widely used products, the company also has a long history of fighting and settling litigation

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Precarious transition: a mortality study of South African

Jul 11, 2018Background Despite their burden of a triple epidemic of silicosis, tuberculosis and HIV infection, little is known about the mortality experience of miners from the South African mining industry once they leave employment. Such information is important because of the size and dispersion of this population across a number of countries and the progressive nature of these diseases. Methods This

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NIOSH Respiratory Health Program

2. Provide health screening and surveillance services to U.S. coal miners under a program mandated by Federal law called the Coal Workers' Health Surveillance Program. We help individual miners through early disease detection and provide group data to guide broader prevention activities. 3.

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Mining in Michigan and Respiratory Disease

of miners are surface miners. There is an extensive literature on the health risk of underground miners includ-ing coal workers' pneumoconiosis (black lung disease), silicosis in gold and iron miners and lung cancer in uranium miners. Even though surface sand and gravel and stone miners are the largest group of miners

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Pneumoconiosis among underground bituminous coal miners in

Objectives Epidemiological reports since 2000 have documented increased prevalence and rapid progression of pneumoconiosis among underground coal miners in the United States. To investigate a possible role of silica exposure in the increase, we examined chest x-rays (CXRs) for specific abnormalities (r-type small opacities) known to be associated with silicosis lung pathology.

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Current Review of Pneumoconiosis Among US Coal Miners

Appalachia, surveillance of working coal miners has identified pneumoconiosis and lung function impairment in each US coal mining region, among both under-ground and surface coal miners [15]. During 2005– 2015, the prevalence of pneumoconiosis in

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Dust Control In Mining Industry And Some Aspects Of Silicosis

Sep 09, 2021participation of the states and industrial sector, is a critical element for each of these requirements. Coal focuses on the research and development needs and priorities in the areas of coal resource and reserve assessments, coal mining and processing, transportation of coal and coal products, and coal utilization.

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Did Defective Face Masks Cause My Silicosis?

Feb 23, 2011Maybe. As a defective respirator attorney, I have seen masks cause black lung disease in coal miners and silicosis lung disease in factory workers.I handled defective mask cases for three years and helped countless injured workers. Coal dust found in surface and underground mines has been known to move right through the mask and/or respirators and settling in coal miner's lungs.

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Assessment of pneumoconiosis in surface coal miners after

The Coal Workers' Health Surveillance Program (CWHSP) has only included surface coal miners as part of its regular disease surveillance since 2014. This analysis identifies the prevalence of pneumoconiosis among working surface coal miners participating in the CWHSP since their initial inclusion, through 2019.

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Early Detection Methods for Silicosis in Australia and

Aug 03, 2021Coal miners: Coal miners with CWP: 96: Male: Coal miners with CWP: 49.01 6.16: Film-screen radiography, HRCT: HRCT was more sensitive than film-screen radiography in recognising the profusion of small opacities. Findings provide evidence of the advantages of HRCT in diagnosis of pneumoconiosis. China: Healthy coal miners: 67: Healthy coal

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Work

The coal mining industry had an elevated PMR for silicosis and about 30% of its exposures exceeded the MSHA PEL. ( Tables 3-8, 3-17 ) For the period 1993 to 1999, Indiana, Virginia, Tennessee, West Virginia, Oklahoma, Kentucky, Arizona, and Alabama had geometric mean respirable quartz exposure levels in the coal mining industry which exceeded

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Respiratory surveillance in mineral dust

clearly demonstrated that reduction in coal dust levels resulted in a marked reduction in pneumoconiosis prevalence in coal miners [3]. Respiratory surveillance should be distinguished from population health screening, which is the usual type of screening that most patients and doctors will experience. This is the process of applying a specific

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Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA)

REGISTER NOW: Join us online for the 2021 TRAM Virtual Summit, November 2-4, 2021. Mine rescue teams compete in contests across the country to prepare themselves to operate effectively in a mine emergency. MSHA has a library of training videos on safety

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'It's really tragic': why are coalminers still dying from

Jan 24, 2020For coalminers, the silica dust they're exposed to while mining is 20 times more toxic than the dust from coal, and new, mechanical methods of mining coal are probably exposing miners

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Family hope coal miner's silicosis death is a wake up call

Jun 07, 2018Queensland coal miner Tyrone Buckton died after contracting the lung disease silicosis, one of the world's oldest occupational diseases. He had never worked a

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Silicosis

Some 18% of workers engaged in surface coal mining, quarrying, foundry and metallurgy have been found to have silicosis. In India, a prevalence of 55% was found in one group of workers, many of them very young, engaged in the quarrying of shale sedimentary rock and subsequent work in small, poorly ventilated sheds.

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as I. ATS 2020

tissue from 13 coal miners recently diagnosed with rapidly progressive pneumoconiosis (RPP) and PMF. 15 . showed that six miners had silicosis or silica-predominant mixed-dust disease, and four other miners had disease due to both coal and silica dust. This was a sentinel finding in coal miners.

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